Jerez de la Frontera
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Jerez de la Frontera is the largest city in the province of Cadiz and the 5th largest in Andalusia.
Along with Sanlucar de Barrameda, Chiclana and Puerto de Santa Maria, Jerez and these cities form the so-called "sherry triangle" - the sherry producing area. Jerez, situated midway between the sea and the mountains, has a wealth of appealing tourist attractions.
A visitor will wish to see the famed vineyards, stop at a sherry bodega to see how the fortified wine is made, and taste the product as well. Jerez is the home of the Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art, a riding school comparable to the world-famous Spanish Riding School in Vienna, Austria.
Flamenco is ubiquitous and part of the everyday life. The city where flamenco singing began, is also proud of its Andalusian Centre of Flamenco. This foundation safeguards and promotes the standards and values of this traditional Andalusian art form and operates a museum in order to educate the public.
There are two other museums in Jerez that should be visited: the Jerez Archaeological Museum and the Atalaya Watch Museum (also known as "Palace of Time").
The old quarter of Jerez, dating from medieval times, has been named an "Artistic Historic Complex". The architecture, the little streets and open plazas make the center of Jerez an interesting sight to visit in your Andalusia holidays.
Easter week celebrations in Jerez are famous amongst the Spanish and form the biggest religious ceremony in the year. Amazing processions through the center of Jerez give you an impressive idea of the catholic way to celebrate Easter in the south of Spain.
A remarkable Horse Fair (Feria del Caballo) in May is an event of international touristic interest.
Enjoy the original Andalusian atmosphere in Jerez de la Frontera!
Historical sights in Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez de la Frontera is full of historical and cultural sights, most of them within the old center and easy to reach walking.
GoZahara.com here just lists just a few of the most important sights in Jerez. It takes a few days to have seen all of them, so you better bring some time.
Cathedral of San Salvador, Jerez de la Frontera
|Address||Plaza de la Encarnacion|
|11403 Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz|
|Info Tel.||(0034) 956 348 482|
The long period of time over which it was built caused a variety of styles (Gothic, Baroque, Rokkoko) to be integrated into the structure of this cathedral.
It was built as a Collegiate Church, since Jerez did not have a bishopric until 1980. The construction began in 1695 and lasted until 1778.
Participating architects included Diego Moreno Meléndez, Rodrigo del Pozo, Diego Díaz, Juan de Pina, Torcuato Cayón de la Vega, Juan de Vargas and Pedro Ángel de Albizu. The building has a rectangular plan, with five naves.
Alcazar, Jerez de la Frontera
|Address||C/ Alameda Vieja|
|11404 Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz|
|Info Tel.||(0034) 956 348 482|
The Alcazar of Jerez de la Frontera has been built in the 11th century during the time of the islamic occupation of what today is called Andalusia.
The islamic leaders built this amazing monument as their residence. Inside the strong and tall outer walls you find yourself in beautiful gardens, arabic baths and the sensation of 1001 nights.
It is well preserved and definitely worth a visit while you're in Jerez.
Monastry of Cartuja de Nuestra Señora de la Defensión, Jerez de la Frontera
|Address||Carretera Jerez a Algeciras, km 5|
|11406 Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz|
|Info Tel.||(0034) 956 156 465|
The Cartuja de Santa Maria de la Defension can be found in the outskirts of Jerez de la Frontera. It is probably the religious sight with the most importance in Andalusia.
Its construction began in the late 14th century at a spot near the river Guadalete where the Jerezanos (people from Jerez) in 1386 liberated themselves in a battle against their islamic invaders.
The Virgin (Nuestra Senora de la Defension) is said to have favoured this victory, so this monument is build to honour her. This churches facade and its two huge doors represent a mix of architectonic styles (mostly gotic).
The Cartuja has been built by the Jerez architect Andres de Ribera.
Unfortunately, only the gardens and the central court yard are open to the public. Entrance is granted between monday and saturday from 9.30am til 18.30pm for free.
Sherry of Jerez de la Frontera - the famous vinyards of Jerez
Jerez has been a center of viniculture since wine-making was introduced to Spain by the Phoenicians in 1100 BC. The practice was carried on by the Romans when they took control of Iberia around 200 BC. The Moors conquered the region in 711 AD and introduced distillation, which led to the development of brandy and fortified wine.
In 1264 Alfonso X of Castile took the city and it was renamed Xeres (over time the spelling was adjusted to Xerez, and finally Jerez). From this point on, the production of Sherry and its export throughout Europe increased significantly. By the end of the 16th century, Sherry had a reputation in Europe as the world's finest wine.
The Jerez district has a predictable climate, with approximately 70 days of rainfall and almost 300 days of sun per year. The perfect climate to grow these white grapes.
Sherry is traditionally drunk from a copita, a special sherry glass that is tulip shaped. Once opened, sherry will begin to lose its flavor and should be kept corked and refrigerated. Depending on the type, it may last from one week up to a few months after opening.
History of Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez was a small independent emirate created c. 1030 in what is now Spain after the fall of the Emirate of Córdoba.
Some years later was united to Arcos by Aben Jairuan who ruled both 1040-1053. In 1053 it was annexed to Sevilla.
From 1145 to 1147 the region of Arcos and Jerez was briefly an emirate under dependency of Granada, led by Aben Garrum.
It had a Jewish community with a separate Juderia as early as the time of the Moors.
Jerez was traditionally a city centered on the vinícola industry, with exports from Jerez-Xérez-Sherry to the rest of the world.
Sports events in Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez is the home of the Xerez Club Deportivo football team. Currently they play in the second league, but they always get supported by their enthusist local fans.
It is also the site of the motorsport track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, where the annual Motorcycling Grand Prix is contested. During the race events, Jerez and the entire region are being invaded by motorbike fans from all over Spain who take their bikes for a ride to this spectacular event.
The race course is a prime destination for Formula One teams as well who wish to perform off-season testing. It also hosted the highly controversial 1997 European Grand Prix.
Climate & weather in Jerez de la Frontera
The Jerez district has a predictable climate, with approximately 70 days of rainfall and almost 300 days of sun per year.
The rain mostly falls between the months of October and May, averaging 600 l/m². The summer is dry and hot, with temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F), but winds from the ocean bring moisture to the vineyards in the early morning and the clays in the soil retain water below the surface.
The average temperature across the year is approximately 18°C (64°F).
Arrival to Jerez de la Frontera
Airport Jerez, 0 km away, Tel. (+34) 956 186 863
Airport Sevilla, 80 km away, Tel. (+34) 902 404 704
Airport Malaga, ca. 220 km away, Tel. (+34) 902 404 704
Find here updated information on bus connections.
The bus station of Jerez informs. Tel. (+34) 956 321 464
Find here updated information on train connections.
The train station of Jerez or Cadiz informs. Tel. (+34) 902 432 343
|Car / rental car||
From north take highway A5 or E4 in direction Cadiz.
From south take national road N340 and then highway A5.
Useful informations about Jerez de la Frontera
|Police||Avenida Comedia, 11407 Jerez , Tel. (+34) 956 149 900|
|Taxi||C/Ferrocarril, 11401 Jerez, Tel. (+34) 956 344 860|
|Farmacy||c/ Larga 28, 11402 Jerez, Tel. (+34) 956 342 893|
|Hospital||Ctra. Madrid-Cadiz, 11407 Jerez, Tel. (+34) 956 032 000|